What Are The 10 Commandments In The Bible And Their Importance Today?

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Published by Shannon Jacobs



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The fall of man because of the sins of Adam and Eve separated us from our holy fellowship with God. Left to our mortal and sinful selves, our ways of living were idolatrous, unrighteous, and devoid of guidance. As humankind faced the consequences of the fall, the Ten Commandments emerged as a divine blueprint for righteous living[1].

The freedom of the Israelites from Egypt’s control was a key event. The holy laws became the foundation of their promise to God. Even today, these laws still matter.

What Are The 10 Commandments In The Bible?

The Ten Commandments are God’s rules and instructions as outlined in the Scriptures, specifically in Exodus 20. God spoke with these words:

1. You shall have no other gods before me (Exodus 20:3).

Acknowledge and worship only the one true God, avoiding the temptation of placing anything or anyone above Him. God punishes idolaters up to the third and fourth generations.

2. You shall not make for yourself an idol (Exodus 20:4).

Avoid creating or worshiping physical representations or images in heaven above, on the earth beneath, or in the waters below as substitutes for God. He is a jealous God.

3. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord, thy God (Exodus 20:7).

Treat the name of the Lord, your God, with reverence. Avoid using it disrespectfully or frivolously.

4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy (Exodus 20:8).

Set aside one day a week for rest, worship, and reflection, acknowledging God’s role in creation and provision. The Lord blessed the Sabbath so that even your male or female servant must rest.

5. Honor thy father and thy mother (Exodus 20:12).

Show the utmost reverence and unwavering compliance to your esteemed parents. Acknowledge their unquestionable authority and the unparalleled significance of familial bonds.

6. Thou shalt not murder (Exodus 20:13).

Respect the sanctity of human life. Refrain from intentional harm or violence against others.

7. You shall not commit adultery (Exodus 20:14).

Maintain the sanctity of marriage. Avoid any sexual relationships outside the bounds of a committed marital union.

8. You shall not steal (Exodus 20:15).

Respect the property and possessions of others. Refrain from taking anything that does not rightfully belong to you.

9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor (Exodus 20:16).

Speak with absolute truthfulness and refrain from disseminating any semblance of false information concerning others. Endeavor to uphold a standard of unparalleled honesty and impeccable integrity in all forms of communication.

10. You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor (Exodus 20:17).

Guard your heart against jealousy and desire for the possessions or relationships of others, focusing on gratitude for what you have. Don’t covet your neighbor’s wife and your neighbor’s house.

Where Are The 10 Commandments In The Bible?

You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

— 2 Corinthians 3:3

The event unfolded on the majestic Mount Sinai, chronicled in the Book of Exodus, where Moses ascended the peak to directly receive these divine guidelines from God.

The account vividly portrays Moses hearing the voice of the Almighty before the commandments are etched onto two stone tablets, symbolizing a sacred covenant between God and the Israelites. This pivotal event is meticulously chronicled in Exodus 20:1–17.

The echoes of the commandments also resonate in the Book of Deuteronomy, aptly named “Second Law.” Moses revisits and restates the commandments for the new generation of Israelites poised to enter the Promised Land. This dual account underscores the enduring significance of the Decalogue across religious traditions.

The repetition emphasizes the importance of these moral principles for the Israelites’ conduct and relationship with God. The relevant passage is found in Deuteronomy 5:6–21.

The order and wording of the commandments may vary slightly between the Exodus and Deuteronomy accounts. However, the core principles remain consistent, covering worship, morality, and social responsibility. Most importantly, the Bible says that if we are in Christ, His words are written in our hearts.

Location Today

Regarding physical location, there isn’t a specific place where the original tablets containing the commandments are currently located. According to the biblical narrative, Moses broke the first set of tablets in anger, and God later provided him with a second set. The fate of the original tablets is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible.

However, there are different traditions and beliefs regarding the location of the Ark of the Covenant, which housed the tablets according to the Bible. Some traditions suggest that ancient conquerors either destroyed the Ark or took it away, while others believe it is hidden or lost.

Why Did God Give These Commandments?

The revelation of the Ten Commandments resonates profoundly within Abrahamic traditions, notably Judaism and Christianity. According to sacred tenets, God conveyed these commandments to the revered prophet Moses atop Mount Sinai.

In the Jewish faith, these ethical precepts are hailed as the “Aseret HaDibrot,” or the Ten Sayings, forming a cornerstone of the covenant binding God and the Israelites. Functioning as a timeless moral compass, these divine commandments intricately weave into the very fabric of the community, meticulously delineating the intricate dynamics between individuals and their divine maker.

It also simultaneously offers guidelines for fostering harmonious communal relations. This profoundly sacred event serves as an indomitable bedrock, exuding its influence across successive generations and perpetually shaping the spiritual disposition of devout adherents.

Within the realm of Christianity, the commandments assume an unparalleled significance, standing as the ideal moral code that reverently reflects the divine will of the Almighty.

The New Testament resolutely underscores their unequivocal primacy, with the venerable Jesus Christ himself resolutely reiterating and emphatically emphasizing the supreme importance of ethical living.

His profound teachings seamlessly intertwine with the eternal principles embedded within the Ten Commandments. It further cements their time-honored pertinence in figuratively sculpting the very essence of Christian conduct.

By adhering to these sacred commands, individuals can unfalteringly commune with both their Creator and fellow beings.

signage with some commandments from the bible

Do The Ten Commandments Apply To Us Today?

The Ten Commandments hold a crucial place in Christian heritage, with Jesus fulfilling rather than abolishing the law. Believers freed from the powerless rule by Christ’s sacrifice receive salvation through faith and the indwelling Spirit of God. The New Covenant of Grace replaces the Old Covenant, emphasizing love over legal compliance.

Contemporary Christian perspectives assert the enduring relevance of moral precepts found in the Decalogue, such as “You shall not murder” and “You shall not steal.” While adherents contend these principles remain applicable, distinctions arise concerning the Old Testament’s ceremonial laws and rituals.

Many argue that these culturally and religiously contextual practices, once integral to ancient Israel, have become obsolete in the modern Christian framework. It underscores evolving interpretations of biblical guidance in today’s diverse faith landscape.

While salvation is unconditional, the New Testament provides guidelines for Christian living, aligning with the principles of the original commandments.

Unlike the Old Covenant, which demanded compliance or death, the New Covenant stems from Christ’s love, freeing believers from sin’s slavery and adopting them into God’s family. The Holy Spirit, manifesting Christ’s righteousness, contrasts self-effort under the Old Covenant.

The Promise Of Salvation

As the book of Revelation outlines, the Bible emphasizes the enduring significance of God’s commandments. These commandments, pivotal from ancient times through Moses to the New Testament Church, are reiterated three times in Revelation.

The text pictures a future where Satan, the dragon, persecutes the church and her children. Despite this adversity, a remnant of believers will persist in obeying God’s commandments.

Revelation 14 further identifies the saints as those who resist the mark of the beast, emphasizing their commitment to both God’s commandments and the faith of Jesus, promising blessings and eternal life. In the end, those who follow God’s commands will be blessed and saved.

The Importance Of The Ten Commandments

So the law was our guardian until Christ came so that we might be justified by faith.

Galatians 3:24

1. Moral foundation. The commandments serve as a foundational set of moral and ethical principles that are applicable across different cultures and times.

2. Social order. The commandments contribute to establishing social order and cohesion within a community.

3. Divine covenant. Across various religious traditions, the commandments are often integral to a covenant between God and the people. Adherents demonstrate their commitment to this pact and recognize God’s guidance by faithfully following these directives.  It promotes a bond that signifies a shared journey and mutual understanding between the divine and individuals.

4. Spiritual growth. The commandments are commonly perceived as catalysts for spiritual development. Adhering to these principles is thought to guide individuals toward a profound comprehension of their connection with the divine.

5. Preventing harm. Several commandments target actions detrimental to individuals and society, including murder, theft, and adultery. With a focus on safeguarding individuals and fostering community well-being, these directives serve as protection by prohibiting such harmful behaviors.

6. Distinctiveness of God’s people. Within Judaism, adherence to the commandments is regarded as a means for the Jewish community to uphold their distinct identity as the chosen people. Observing these directives not only distinguishes them but also functions as a tangible expression of their exceptional relationship with God. It further reinforces the unique bond they share within their faith.

 7. Teaching humility. The commandments teach humility by emphasizing the importance of recognizing a higher authority and submitting to ethical and moral principles beyond personal desires. This humility is considered essential for a balanced and righteous life.

8. Reconciliation. Within Christianity, the commandments are often framed in the context of fostering reconciliation between God and humanity. Adhering to these directives is perceived as a reciprocal response to God’s grace. It signifies gratitude for the forgiveness of sins facilitated through the redemptive role of Jesus Christ.

man pointing at a passage in the bible


Despite embracing the concept of liberation from the constraints of the law, these 10 commandments indispensably assist in the art of evangelism by impeccably delineating the boundaries between righteousness and wrongdoing.

The proclamation of the good news assumes an extraordinary level of significance when we sinners genuinely recognize the depths of our lamentable plight.

At this point, the commandments transform into a mirror, vividly reflecting the dire necessity for Jesus, the Savior, to cleanse the abhorrent defilement inflicted upon our souls. All the commands of God were as relevant in the past as they are today and will be in the future.

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