Parable Of The 10 Virgins In The Bible: A Lesson On Spiritual Preparedness 

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Published by Kenneth Garcia


Co-Founder of Biblekeeper, Author & Theologian

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In the extensive fabric of biblical narratives, one story distinguishes itself through clever symbolism—the Parable of the 10 Virgins in the Bible found in the Gospel of Matthew (25:1–13).

This narrative unfolds against the backdrop of a wedding feast, where ten virgins eagerly await the arrival of the bridegroom. However, beyond the surface of a ceremonial event, this parable weaves a narrative rich in spiritual insight.

The lamps they carry, the oil that fuels them, the midnight cry, and the closed door—all hold deeper meanings that resonate across time and cultures.

Join us on a journey to unravel the mysteries of this parable as we explore its layers of significance and draw connections to timeless truths that echo through the corridors of faith.

Where Is The Parable Of The 10 Virgins?

Therefore, keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour.

— Matthew 25:13

The parable of the 10 virgins is found in the Book of Matthew, chapters 25:1–13. It is part of the Olivet Discourse, a sermon that Jesus gave about the End of Days, His return, and the Judgment.

Olivet Discourse

Before His journey to Jerusalem for crucifixion, the disciples inquired of Jesus about the indicators of His impending reign and the culmination of the age. Some facets of His arrival remained unclear to them at that point.

Still, Jesus proceeded to expound upon unequivocal indicators emblematic of the end times while bestowing counsel regarding the readiness required of devout adherents and disciples waiting in eager expectation.

The Olivet Discourse[1], a significant New Testament passage, is located precisely in Matthew (24:1–25:46), Mark (13:1–37), and Luke (21:5–36).

The term derives its name from the Mount of Olives, a place where Jesus preached these doctrines. This exposition includes dire warnings concerning false teachers and messiahs, conflicts, shortages, and other events that will precede the return of our Messiah.

Interpretations of the Olivet Discourse vary among Christian denominations, and scholars may differ in their understanding of the timing and nature of the events described in this passage.

Some see it as primarily related to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. In contrast, others interpret it as having historical and future significance, referring to the final judgment and the end of the age.

The Story Of The 10 Virgins In The Bible

Once, in a small village, ten virgins eagerly awaited the arrival of the bridegroom for a grand wedding celebration. The air was filled with anticipation as they all held lamps, ready to join the procession and welcome the groom.

Five virgins were wise, carrying extra oil for their lamps, while the other five were foolish, bringing only the oil already in their lamps. The night brimmed with fervent anticipation. Onlookers, their spirits lifted, found themselves immersed beneath the night sky, eagerly awaiting the forthcoming celebration.

But time passed, and there was no sign of the groom. They fell asleep—all the virgins, both the smart and silly girls. A cry rang out and broke the silence: “Behold, the bridegroom is coming; go out to meet him!”

All those virgins woke up and found their lamps dimming. The foolish ones had no more oil. Panic set in as they turned to the wise virgins, pleading, “Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.”

But the five wise virgins were mindful of the uncertainty of the bridegroom’s arrival. The wise answered, “No, there will not be enough for us and for you; go rather to the dealers and buy for yourselves.”

Desperate, the five foolish virgins hurried to find oil, but in their absence, the bridegroom arrived. With their lamps burning brightly, the wise virgins joined the procession to the wedding banquet, and the door was shut.

Afterward, the imprudent virgins returned, delicately tapping on the door and appealing, “My Lord, my Lord, graciously grant us entry.” Yet, the esteemed bridegroom sternly replied, “Indeed, I solemnly declare unto you that I am not acquainted with you.”

Concluding this parable, Jesus imparted a resounding instruction: “Therefore, be vigilant, for you are unaware of the precise moment or day.”

This captivating tale of the ten virgins serves as a poignant reminder to remain prepared and ever watchful, eagerly awaiting the return of the Divine. It is forever poised to embrace Him with hearts overflowing with unwavering faith and impeccable preparedness.

different colored oil lamps arranged in a circle

What Does The Parable Of The 10 Virgins Mean?

Application To Present Life

The Parable of the Ten Virgins, shared by Jesus, unfolds within the cultural significance of a wedding, portraying ten virgins awaiting the bridegroom.

The virgins’ lamps epitomize unwavering faith and spirituality, representing immaculate purity and an unwavering state of readiness. Enclosed within these lamps lies the essence of inner strength, nurturing, and sustaining faith.

The wise virgins, discerning and prepared, carry extra oil, embodying those with a deep and lasting faith. In contrast, the foolish virgins lack foresight, revealing spiritual complacency.

Jesus’ call to “watch, therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour” underscores the parable’s theme of constant readiness. It compels unwavering spiritual vigilance, resonating with the unreliability of our faith and the imminent arrival of the Messiah. Transcending its historical backdrop, the parable presents everlasting teachings, prompting devotees to evaluate and enhance their faith.

In the lavish realm of symbolism, these figurative lamps urge believers to top up their spiritual energy by praying, studying, and steadfastly nurturing their connection with the divine.

The Second Arrival Of Christ

The pivotal theme of the parable revolves around the return of Christ, the Rapture for the Church, or His establishment of the Millennial Kingdom after the Tribulation.

Dispensational scholars diverge on this matter, and this text refrains from providing a definitive answer. Regardless of the specific return, the underlying lessons apply universally.

The parable underscores the overarching theme that Christ will return at any moment. Let us remain vigilant and prepared, fixing our gaze on Jesus.

The illustration of all virgins being asleep when the call came implies that the nature of one’s activities at the time of Christ’s return is immaterial.

Whether working, eating, sleeping, or engaging in leisure pursuits, believers must conduct themselves in a manner that necessitates no last-minute corrections upon His arrival. This readiness is pertinent to Christ’s coming for the Church and the Tribulation saints awaiting His second advent.

Ultimately, the epitome of preparedness for the glorious return of the divine Christ resides within a realm of unparalleled grandeur.  Authentic preparedness emanates from a profound rebirth that ensues solely through unwavering devotion and steadfast belief in the exalted Messiah, Jesus Christ.

We ardently recognize with utmost reverence His sacrificial demise and His awe-inspiring physical resurrection, transcending mortal bounds with resplendent glory.

What Lessons Can We Learn From The Parable Of The 10 Virgins?

Embracing the Banquet of Christ symbolizes God’s invitation to His heavenly kingdom, reflecting His desire for our eternal fellowship. Despite our free will to choose, God, as a loving parent, seeks our salvation rather than judgment.

He graciously allows us to decide our path, whether turning away or toward Him. God’s greatest wish is our salvation, and He extends every opportunity for us to choose Him. He emphasizes an open-armed welcome for those who seek His presence.

Here are some specific lessons that can be drawn from the Parable of the Ten Virgins.

1. Be prepared and watchful. The primary lesson of the parable is the importance of being prepared and watchful for the return of Jesus or any significant event. The wise virgins were prepared with enough oil for their lamps, symbolizing readiness for the unexpected.

2. Spiritual readiness. The oil in the lamps is often interpreted as a symbol of spiritual readiness and faith. It suggests that individuals should cultivate and maintain a deep, personal relationship with the Holy Spirit, staying spiritually prepared for whatever may come.

3. Personal responsibility. Each virgin is responsible for her own oil. This notion emphasizes the idea of personal responsibility in matters of faith and preparation. No one can rely solely on the faith or preparedness of others; everyone is accountable for their own spiritual condition.

4. The unpredictability of the future. The parable highlights the uncertainty of the timing of significant events. The bridegroom’s arrival is delayed, and the virgins need to be patient and prepared for an unexpected timeline. This notion underscores the unpredictability of future events and the need for constant readiness.

5. No to last-minute preparations. The foolish virgins’ mistake was not having enough oil when the bridegroom arrived. It teaches that spiritual preparation cannot be done at the last minute. It requires consistent effort and diligence throughout one’s life.

6. Discernment and wisdom. The wise virgins demonstrate discernment and wisdom in anticipating the need for extra oil. It suggests the importance of making intelligent choices and having saving faith and spirituality based on God’s Word.

7. Exclusion for lack of preparation. The door is shut on the foolish virgins because they are unprepared. This notion conveys that a lack of spiritual preparation may lead to exclusion from specific blessings or opportunities.

two oil lamps surrounded by yellow and orange flowers


One day, Jesus will return to reclaim His throne. Since His departure, the world has descended into increasing wickedness, burdening creation with the weight of sin.

Everyone must make a critical decision. The wise choose to prepare by establishing a relationship with Jesus and acknowledging Him as their Lord and Savior during their lifetime. Others may delay, indulge in sin, or openly defy and reject God.

The Parable of the 10 Virgins encapsulates this truth, echoing throughout the New Testament and our lives today. Will we always fill our lamps with oil and take extra along? Let us keep waiting and watching with joy and anticipation for the arrival of our Messiah, Jesus Christ.

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