The Bible might be the one item all Christians possess in common. They may have varying beliefs and different ways of worshiping the Almighty, but you can almost always find a Bible in every household. For whatever reason, you could sometimes even find one in a non-Christian home.
The sacred texts have been translated into thousands of dialects and languages and have made a mark in history as the best-selling book of all time, with over 5 billion copies sold, per the Guinness World Records. Even so, whether it is a work of human beings or a divine author is still being questioned today.
Who Wrote The Bible?
Various human authors wrote the scriptures under divine inspiration. No one knows for sure, but it is thought that about 40 authors wrote the 66 books of the Bible during a 1500-year period.
These biblical authors came from diverse backgrounds and professions in all walks of life. Some were prophets, priests, kings, lawyers, doctors, and scholars. Others were shepherds, servants, fishermen, and uneducated human beings. There are also some unknown authors in the Bible.
The Bible is a collaboration between God and humankind. Although human writers penned the Bible, it is not the word of man but the word of God. The phrase in Hebrews 1:1 clearly states this idea: “Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets.”
Did God Write The Bible?
Yes, God wrote the Bible. God breathed the biblical text according to 2 Timothy 3:16, “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness.” This affirms the divine authorship of the scriptures. Nonetheless, this does not imply that God pulled out a paper and pen to physically write the sacred texts Himself. The act of writing was done by His disciples and believers.
God led human authorship through the Holy Spirit so that the human author could write in his style and personality, with his own experiences and story, while ensuring that the outcome aligns with what God desired and intended. With this, we can assert that God wrote the Bible and is the ultimate author.
Our Savior, Jesus Christ, similarly proclaimed that the Bible is God’s Word. The passage from the Gospel of Luke in verses 24:44–48 attests that His teachings and life are rooted in the Hebrew scriptures. As we know, Jesus lived His life in obedience to the Word of God, which is the sacred text of the Bible. Christ’s followers stand by this same belief, which has been backed up hundreds of times in the Bible.
- Then he said to them, ‘These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.’…
- …Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures and said to them, ‘Thus it is written, that Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, and that repentance for the forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things. — Luke 24:44-48
- He humbled you, let you hunger, and fed you with manna, which you did not know and neither did your fathers, that he might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord. — Deuteronomy 8:3
- Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. — Proverbs 30:5
- For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart. — Hebrews 4:12
Did Humans Write The Bible?
Humans, indeed, wrote the Gospel. The Bible has human origins since His human agents wrote it under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Peter mentioned this in 2 Peter 1:21: “For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”
The Bible is God’s Word, but that doesn’t mean He spoke to humans and dictated every word of the Gospel. So how could they write the Scriptures if the Lord did not speak to them? Did God inspire His human authors? Absolutely! God inspired each human author to write the sacred text.
God’s revelation was conveyed through human authors who used their own minds and words. However, the Lord had orchestrated their lives, thoughts, and vocabularies. The words they chose to reveal His will were the very words that God wanted to use to write His truths.
The Lord God conveyed His Word through human language so that we might understand His intentions. The scripture is God speaking to His creation through human words. With the help of the Holy Spirit, the authors were able to comprehend and apply the inspired word of God; hence, they were able to preach, teach, and record His truth.
Who Were The Old Testament Authors Of The Bible?
The Hebrew Bible, also called the Old Testament or Tanakh, is a compilation of 39 books, most of which were penned by Moses, Kings David and Solomon, prophets, priests, and scribes. It is classified into three genres. The first five books of the Bible, or the Torah, were written by Moses, the Nev’im by the Prophets, and the other books, which make up the Ketuuvin, are writings of poetry and wisdom.
- Possible authors: Samuel, Nehemiah, Mordecai
- Psalm and Proverb writers
- Other unknown authors
Who Were The New Testament Authors Of The Bible?
The New Testament is a collection of several books written by scholars, businessmen, and clergy, but mainly by the apostles of Jesus Christ and their associates. There are also some unknown authors, particularly in Hebrews. The New Testament epistles are thought to have been written over about 70 years.
- Other unknown authors (Hebrews)
Even after a thousand years of existence, the divinity and origin of the Bible are still a point of debate, especially among skeptics. Some argue that since the Bible has a human origin and has undergone different revisions, it is just the same as any other literary work by humans. However, believers claim that the Lord directly inspired every word of the Bible and considered it His direct message to humankind.
No matter your beliefs, we cannot deny the fact that most laws and rules governing modern society are based on the scriptures. The Bible is sufficient in determining His will and how humanity should live. It is considered the final authority on questions about religion and conduct.