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Revealing Truth: How Old Was Joseph When Jesus Was Born?

A Never-Before-Seen Story Of Joseph: How Old Was Joseph When Jesus Was Born?

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Published by Kenneth Garcia


Co-Founder of Biblekeeper, Author & Theologian

Last Updated:

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In particular, during the Christmas season, the story of Joseph and Mary plays a significant role in the Christian narrative. As the earthly father of Jesus, he is renowned for both his unshakeable trust in God and his perseverance through hardships. Regarding this account, the question “How old was Joseph when Jesus was born?” frequently comes up.

The answer to this query has been hotly contested among academics and historians because it is not expressly addressed in the Bible. To shed light on this fascinating component of the Christmas narrative, we shall analyze the numerous theories and facts surrounding Joseph’s age at the time of Jesus’ birth in this article.

Key Takeaways

  • Joseph’s exact age at the time of Jesus’ birth is not definitively stated in the Bible, leading to a range of speculative ages based on traditional and apocryphal sources.
  • Joseph is portrayed as a significant figure in Christianity, not just as Jesus’ earthly father, but also as a man of strong faith and an integral part of the nativity story, although he is not believed to be Jesus’ biological father.
  • Theories about Joseph’s age draw from various texts, like the Gospel of James and the History of Joseph the Carpenter, offering different interpretations and ages, but none are conclusively supported by historical evidence.

What Does Christian Tradition Say About Joseph’s Age?

John and Mark don’t make any mention of Joseph. Paul also makes no mention of him. But Matthew and Luke attest to his involvement in the life of the Lord Jesus and the vital part he played when Herod ordered the execution of all infants under the age of two.

Jesus’ earthly father was Joseph. He was Jewish, a descendant of David, and followed the law. Living in Nazareth, a place in the Roman Empire, he worked as a carpenter. As Jesus grew up and began His ministry, Joseph was no longer mentioned in the Gospels.

It is unclear if he was alive or dead based on the question, “Is not this the carpenter’s son?” in Matthew 13:55. Many academics concur that he passed away from natural causes before Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection because the Gospels make no further mention of him.

Christians have naturally been interested in Joseph over the ages since he plays such a significant role[1] in two of the Gospels’ accounts of Jesus’ birth. Tradition occasionally makes an effort to fill in the blanks left by Scripture when discussing biblical figures.

The Gospel of James, written in the second century after Jesus’ time and the earliest source to specify Joseph’s estimated age, was created. However, the fictitious document did not mention Joseph’s actual age, only that he was an older man. It claims that he was chosen by lottery and that he was previously married and had half-siblings with Jesus.

The Gospel of James and the Panarion by Epiphanius, the bishop of Salamis roughly 400 years after Jesus’ time, are two other documents referencing Joseph’s age. The Panarion suggests that he was married before he met Mother Mary. This marriage produced Jesus’ half-siblings. Joseph waited until he was 80 years old to marry Mary.

Another text that indicates Joseph’s age was written 500–600 years after the New Testament. According to the made-up history of Joseph the Carpenter, he lived to be 111 years old. It also suggests that Joseph was around 90 when he married Mary.

Joseph cradling baby Jesus in his arms

Facts About Joseph

God assumed the form of a young man in the person of Jesus Christ about 2,000 years ago. The Bible informs us that He did have biological parents in this way. There are several facts concerning them, as documented in the Scriptures.

1. Jesus’ biological father was not Joseph. First of all, although he was married to Mary, Jesus’ mother, it is evident that he was not His birth father. This concept is strongly emphasized in the New Testament. Despite being Mary’s husband, Joseph was not Jesus’ biological father. Indeed, the Holy Spirit revealed to him what Mary was expecting.

2. Joseph brings Mary to Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus. According to the Bible, he complied with Caesar’s demand and traveled to Bethlehem with his pregnant wife, Mary. Joseph had to travel to David’s hometown of Bethlehem to register in compliance with the mandate of Caesar since he was a direct descendant of King David.

3. Joseph was not present during Jesus’ ministry in public. No mention is made of Joseph being present when Jesus started His public ministry. He stands out by being absent. Almost everyone agrees that he passed away before Jesus presented Himself to the world. Currently, there are no known records about the circumstances of his death.

What is known about Joseph is that he was a godly man who obediently served the Lord until he reached old age. The murmurs about Mary and the child she carried must have been difficult for Joseph to hear since we can only speculate.

Because he could not share the complete account of what had happened, it was even more complex. That would have to wait until the child reached adulthood. However, like many others, Joseph did not live to see his wife’s defense.

How Old Was Joseph When Jesus Was Born?

The ages of Joseph and Mary were never revealed. Since young women frequently got married during that period, many people believe that the Virgin Mary was only a teenager when she married Joseph. According to customs at the time, it is assumed that Joseph would have been older than Mary, though how much is uncertain.

According to Roman Catholic belief, Mary was a perpetual virgin. One interpretation holds that the brothers and sisters Jesus is referred to as having in the New Testament (Matthew 13:55–56) are Joseph’s children from a previous marriage. This assumption, however, is not the most logical way to interpret the biblical text because it is founded on a theological premise about Mary’s perpetual virginity.

Joseph may be an adult who is no longer under his parents’ control if his parents are never mentioned in the marriage plans. Many people still believe that Mary was a teenager when Jesus was born, even though Mary’s parents were never introduced.

Joseph appears to have left the scene during Jesus’ public ministry. After the incident involving the twelve-year-old Jesus in the temple (Luke 2:42–51), Joseph was never referenced in the Gospels, despite Mary being mentioned numerous times. Mary is not at the foot of the cross with Joseph, and Jesus entrusts John, one of His disciples, with caring for His mother (John 19:26–27). If Joseph were still alive, this would not have been the case.

nativity scene depicting the birth of Jesus, Mary holding the newborn with awe, Joseph standing protectively, animals peacefully witnessing, warm, divine ambiance


The age of Joseph at the time of Jesus’ birth remains a subject of ongoing debate among academics and historians. Whatever his actual age was, we know that Joseph was a strong character in the life of Jesus, acting as a devoted servant of God.

Christians worldwide are still motivated by his example of faith and commitment today. In the end, Joseph and Mary’s narrative serves as a reminder of the profound and transformational power of faith and love and the amazing things we can do when we place our trust in God.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Old Was Mary At The Birth Of Jesus?

Mary was likely around 12 to 14 years old at the birth of Jesus, as it was customary for Jewish girls in that period to be betrothed at a young age.

At What Age Of Jesus Joseph Died?

The age of Jesus when Joseph died is not specified in the biblical texts, leading to varied theories and interpretations.

How Many Children Did Joseph And Mary Have?

Joseph and Mary did not have any children. A careful examination of the New Testament suggests that Mary maintained her vow of virginity and did not have any children other than Jesus.

How Many Siblings Did Jesus Have?

Jesus had several siblings according to the New Testament, including James, Joses (or Joseph), Judas (Jude), and Simon, as well as unnamed sisters. “Is he not the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon?” (Mark 6:3)

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