Biblical Evidences Proving That Jesus Is Our High Priest And Its Significance

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Published by Kenneth Garcia


Co-Founder of Biblekeeper, Author & Theologian

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Historically, the priesthood has held significant importance in various cultures and religious traditions. Priests were entrusted with the responsibility of mediating between the divine and human realms, offering sacrifices, and interceding for the people. In the Jewish faith, the role of the high priest was especially revered, serving as a representative for the people before God, making atonement for sins, and performing sacred rituals in the Holy of Holies.

However, in the New Testament, we encounter a radical shift in understanding the concept of the priesthood. The arrival of the Son of God changed everything.

Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promises of the Old Testament and revolutionized how we perceive and experience the priesthood. By becoming our High Priest[1], Jesus inaugurated a new era, transcending the limitations of earthly priests and providing a direct and unbreakable connection between humanity and God.

Biblical Stories As Evidence That Jesus Is Our High Priest

Melchizedek: A Foreshadowing Of Jesus’ Role As Our High Priest

In the Old Testament, Melchizedek is introduced as a priest-king who blessed Abraham and received tithes from him. This mysterious figure appears in only a few verses in Genesis 14, but his significance is profound.

Hebrews 7 explains that Melchizedek is a type of Christ, foreshadowing Jesus’ role as our high priest for atonement. High priests served as mediators between God and the common people. In some biblical narratives, such as with the story of David, the ephod was used by priests to inquire of God and seek divine guidance on specific matters.

In particular, Melchizedek’s kingship and priesthood are combined to distinguish him from the Levitical priests who served under the law. Melchizedek’s holy god-like nature and divine justice also make him a unique figure in biblical history.

The Levitical Priesthood: Imperfect And Temporary

The book of Hebrews highlights the contrast between the Levitical priesthood and Jesus’ holy priesthood. The former was established by God through Moses to serve as a mediator between God and Israel, but it was limited by human weakness and could not provide permanent atonement for sin.

Furthermore, it was tied to the earthly Tabernacle and sacrifices that had to be repeated year after year. In contrast, Jesus’ priesthood is perfect and eternal because he is both God and man.

This concept of Christ’s dual nature is emphasized in the verse that states, “For our high priests are unable to sympathize with our weaknesses. Yet we have one who was tempted in every way, just as we are every day, but he did not sin” (Hebrews 4:15). Through his sacrifice, Jesus provides eternal justice for sin, making him the ultimate mediator and encouraging us to approach God’s throne of grace.

King David’s Prophecy Fulfilled In Jesus

The book of Hebrews also draws on King David’s prophecy in Psalm 110:4 from the Holy Bible, which declares that the Messiah would be a priest forever, according to the order of Melchizedek. This means that Jesus’ priesthood is not dependent on his ancestry or earthly qualifications but is based on his divine appointment and perfect sacrifice, which serve as atonement for our sins.

Through his death and resurrection, he has become our great high priest, who entered the third heaven to intercede for us before God, who is most holy and just. His ultimate sacrifice allowed us to find grace and obtain mercy from God.

The Significance Of Jesus’ Role As High Priest In Christianity

Fulfillment Of Prophecy

The role of Jesus as our Holy High Priest is significant because it fulfills Old Testament prophecy. In the Holy Bible, it was prophesied in a Proverb that the Messiah would be both a king and a priest.

Jesus fulfilled this prophecy by being born into the line of David, the kingly line, and being appointed as our High Priest by God. This dual role ensures that we have access to salvation through his atonement on the cross and his intercession on our behalf, made possible by his holy blood.

Intercession For Us

As our holy High Priest, Jesus intercedes for us before God, as stated in Hebrews 7:25. He offers himself as a holy sacrifice for our sins, granting us access to God’s holy presence.

Unlike priests in the Old Testament, who had to offer sacrifices repeatedly year after year, Jesus’ sacrifice was once and for all. This means we do not have to offer sacrifices continually but can come directly to God through faith in Jesus Christ and understanding the holy concepts of redemption and salvation.

Eternal High Priesthood

Human priests would eventually die and be replaced by others. However, Jesus’ priesthood is unchanging and eternal, reflecting key concepts of God’s eternal love for humanity. It means we can hold fast to sacrifice and have hope that he will never leave or forsake us, embodying the most fundamental aspects of God’s character.

Jesus’ Sacrifice And Atonement For Our Sins

In the Old Testament, the practice of making sacrifices was deeply ingrained in the religious customs of the Israelites. These sacrifices served as a means to atone for sins and seek forgiveness from God. The people would offer various animals, grains, and other offerings as a way to symbolically transfer their guilt and find reconciliation with their Creator.

However, with the advent of Jesus Christ as our great High Priest, this age-old practice underwent a profound transformation. Jesus, in His role as the ultimate mediator between God and humanity, brought forth a new era of mercy and redemption. His sacrifice on the cross surpassed all previous sacrifices, rendering them obsolete.

Through his perfect sacrifice, Jesus atoned for our sins once and for all. His blood, shed on Calvary, became the ultimate offering that cleanses us from all unrighteousness. The sacrificial system of the Old Testament was merely a foreshadowing of the complete and final sacrifice that Jesus would offer. In Him, we find the fulfillment of all those ancient rituals and the embodiment of God’s grace and mercy.

New Covenant

The sacrificial death of Jesus ushered in a transformative era marked by a new covenant between God and humanity. This remarkable covenant, as highlighted in Hebrews 9:15, designates Christ as the mediator.

The verse emphasizes that through this new covenant, those who are called by God can receive the promised eternal inheritance. Jesus’ death on the cross is a ransom, liberating us from the burden of sins committed under the previous covenant.

The new covenant calls us to surrender our lives to him, trust his redemptive work, and follow his teachings. As we place our faith in Jesus, we are forgiven and empowered by the Holy Spirit to live a life that honors God and reflects his love for the world.

Jesus as a high priest stands on the edge of a rugged mountain peak

The Accessible Nature Of Jesus Christ

Constant Access Through Grace

Jesus grants us access to the holy presence of God Most High. Through his grace, we can enter the holy place and have full assurance in his eternal spirit. Unlike the Jewish high priests, who could only enter the Tabernacle once a year, Jesus provides us with constant access to God’s presence. This means we do not have to wait for an annual sacrifice or rely on another person to intercede.

In addition to providing constant access through grace, Jesus offers us full assurance in his eternal spirit. In other words, we can be confident that our relationship with God will last forever because it is based on Christ’s atoning sacrifice rather than our own efforts or merits.

Accessible Nature Of Jesus’ Humanity

As a human being, Jesus can personally relate to what it means to live in this world and face all kinds of temptations and challenges. This makes him uniquely qualified to sympathize with our weaknesses and struggles and offer help when needed.

Moreover, unlike other high priests who were born into their roles by birthright or appointment by men, Jesus was appointed by God himself (Hebrews 5:5–6). This means that, as the Son of God, he has an unbreakable connection with the Father that cannot be severed by anything in this world.

The Advocacy And Intercession Of Jesus As The Son Of God

Intercession And Divine Justice

Jesus is our High Priest, who intercedes for us before God. He represents us before the Father, bringing our needs and concerns to him. Hebrews 7:25 says Jesus “can completely save those who come to God through him because he always lives to intercede for them.” This means that Jesus is constantly praying for us, advocating on our behalf, and ensuring that divine justice is served.

Through his advocacy, Jesus ensures that divine justice is served. As our High Priest, He understands the challenges we face as human beings. He knows what it’s like to be tempted and tested, yet he is without sin (Hebrews 4:15). Jesus can empathize with us in our weaknesses and plead with the Father to obtain mercy on our behalf.

The Glory Of God Revealed Through Jesus’ Role

By offering himself as a sacrifice for our sins, Jesus demonstrated his love for humanity and obedience to the Father’s will (Hebrews 5:7–8). As a result, God exalted him to the highest place of honor and authority (Philippians 2:9–11). We have been reconciled to God through His death and resurrection and given eternal life.

Mercy Seat: Solidarity With Humanity

Jesus’ intercession on the mercy seat demonstrates his solidarity with humanity. In the Old Testament, the mercy seat was where the high priest would sprinkle blood from a sacrificed animal once a year on behalf of Israel’s sins (Leviticus 16).

However, when Jesus died on the cross, he became both the sacrifice and the High Priest who entered into heaven itself (Hebrews 9:24). By doing so, he paved the way for us to approach God with confidence and receive mercy and grace in our time of need (Hebrews 4:16).

The Importance Of Embracing Jesus As Our Ultimate High Priest

The Only Mediator Between God And Man

Humanity, burdened by sin and distanced from the holiness of God, recognizes the need for an intermediary, someone capable of bridging the immense gap between us and our Creator. This brings our attention to Jesus, the ultimate mediator, who serves as the bridge connecting us to the Father, healing the division caused by sin.

In John 14:6, Jesus confidently asserts, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one can come to the Father except through me.” This profound statement encapsulates the crucial truth that without embracing Jesus as our High Priest and mediator, we cannot partake in the abundant grace and mercy that flow from God.

The role of Jesus as a mediator proves indispensable on our journey to restore our relationship with God. Sin, with its dire consequences, has erected an insurmountable barrier between humanity and divine holiness. We found ourselves powerless, lacking the means to achieve reconciliation. Yet, in his boundless love and compassion, God provided a solution by appointing Jesus to step into the role of Mediator, bridging the gap.

Embracing Jesus Gives Us Access To God’s Grace And Mercy

The beauty of embracing Jesus as our High Priest lies in the completeness of his provision. He doesn’t merely offer superficial assistance or temporary relief. Instead, he bestows on us the fullness of his grace, love, and wisdom. In him, we discover the source of true comfort, guidance, and empowerment.

Therefore, let us approach Jesus, our great High Priest, with hearts open to his loving care and guidance. In times of difficulty and trial, let us seek his face, trusting that he hears our cries and is eager to extend his hand for help. May we take comfort in the knowledge that, through Jesus, we have access to heaven’s boundless resources, enabling us to receive mercy and find grace.

Let us surrender ourselves to his lordship and guidance. Let us follow his teachings, walk in his footsteps, and allow his transformative presence to shape our lives. By fully embracing him as our intercessor and provider, we open ourselves to a life filled with the abundance of God’s love.

Direct Access To God

Before Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross, people had to go through a high priest to access God. But now, because of what he did for us on the cross, we can have direct access to God.

Hebrews 10:19–22 says, “Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have the confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus…let us draw near to God with a sincere heart.” This means that there is no longer anything standing between us and God.

Jesus Understands Our Weaknesses

Recognizing the importance of embracing Jesus as our High Priest goes beyond mere theological understanding—it touches the core of our human experience. The reason behind this significance lies in Jesus’ profound understanding of our weaknesses and his role as our advocate before God. During our moments of struggle and hardship, we truly comprehend the depth of his understanding and intercession on our behalf.

In Jesus, we find a High Priest who does not stand apart from our trials and tribulations but walks alongside us, intimately acquainted with our human limitations. Through his incarnation, he willingly embraced the fullness of our human existence, facing temptations, challenges, and suffering. Consequently, he possesses unparalleled empathy and comprehension of the human condition.

This understanding is not merely intellectual but deeply experiential. Jesus encountered the trials, joys, and sorrows that befall us daily. He knows the anguish of temptation, the weight of despair, and our burdens. Therefore, when we approach him in our times of struggle, we find solace in knowing that he understands our predicaments intimately.

Jesus as a high priest stands in a secluded garden


As commonly stipulated in the Holy Bible, Jesus Christ is our ultimate High Priest. We can hold firmly to his promise that he will represent us before God. Through his death on the cross, he atoned for our sins and gave us direct access to God. Jesus intercedes on our behalf as our High Priest and advocates for us before the Father.

As Christians, we must embrace Jesus as our ultimate High Priest. We must recognize his authority and trust him completely. When we do this, we can rest assured that he’s working on our behalf and will never leave or forsake us.

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