Meaning Of Elohim In The Bible: Understanding God’s Nature

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Published by Kimberly Wall


Co-Founder, Disciple Group Leader, Author

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In our Bible study, we often encounter words or terms that may sound strange or unfamiliar to us. We sometimes wonder why there are so many names to denote God. The biblical names like “Yahweh,” “Elohim,” and “El Shaddai” reveal the different aspects of God’s character.

Venturing into the enigmatic word “Elohim” unveils an intricate expedition spanning across the whole of human history, the realms of spirituality, the rich tapestry of culture, and the sacred pages of the Bible. This exploration uncovers the profound power and significance behind Elohim—representing the Creator of humanity and the vast universe.

Who Is Elohim In The Bible?

Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God [Elohim] like you in heaven above or on earth below you who keeps your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way.

— 1 Kings 8:23

“Elohim,” written as אלהים in ancient Hebrew, while believed to be plural, is a testament to the belief in a single deity. The name serves to convey grandeur, omnipotence, and transcendence linked with the word “God” or “deity.”

Elohim holds an important meaning throughout the Hebrew Bible[1], appearing over 2,500 times. It primarily symbolizes the one true God of Israel, YHWH. It also conveys the sacred recitation known as the Shema and the fundamental principles encapsulated in the Ten Commandments.

“Elohim” assumes a multifaceted role throughout the expanse of the Old Testament. It acts as the venerated reference for the God of Israel, the supreme Artisan of the cosmos. As Elohim, God spoke to the people about the sacred covenants etched in the annals of time.

This term frequently coalesces with other names and titles attributed to the divine, such as Yahweh (often rendered as “the LORD” in English translations), El Shaddai, and Adonai, each of which carries its own distinct hues of meaning and resonance.

From the beginning chapters of Genesis, where the cosmos took form, to the lyrical Psalms and resounding prophecies, “Elohim” underscores the divine’s inexorable authority and sovereignty over human beings.

What Did Jesus Say About Elohim?

At three that afternoon, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?”

— Mark 15:34

According to Mark 15:34, this verse contains the Aramaic phrase Jesus spoke on the cross. In Aramaic, the pivotal verse portrays Eloi as Elohim and translates to “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

Jesus pleads with the Father during the Crucifixion. In the realm of Christianity’s history and theology, this divine utterance holds great significance. In this narrative, Jesus’ profound experience of abandonment and detachment from God is depicted as an emotional plea.

Jesus’ teaching extensively emphasized the concept of God as a compassionate and loving Father. The concept becomes most notably apparent when examining the Lord’s Prayer (Matthew 6:9–13). In these passages, Jesus Christ guides His disciples on how they should address God as their Father in heaven.

The relationship of Christ with God was special and intimate. This bond was so strong that Jesus declared in John 10:30, “I and the Father are one,” showing the profound unity they shared.

The ministry of Christ was deeply meaningful because of this deep connection with God. Even though he never used the term “Elohim” explicitly, he notably portrayed God as a loving Father.

two brown wooden tables in front of altar and elohim in the bible

Why Is This Name Of God So Important?

Biblical Significance

Elohim is a significant name for God in the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Old Testament. The sacred word embodies the divine authority, power, and extraordinary creative prowess found within the biblical text. Through the term “Elohim,” a profound comprehension of God as depicted in the Hebrew Scriptures is established.

Monotheistic Faith

The faith of the Israelites is monotheistic. Elohim is linked to their belief in one all-powerful God. This notion deviates from the polytheistic religions of other cultures of that era.

Creator God

The Bible alludes to the term “Elohim” to refer to God as the magnificent Creator of the universe. This notion is epitomized in Genesis during the six days of creation.

Majestic And Powerful

The plural form of Elohim refers to a sense of majesty and power. While the Hebrew language allows a plural form to express this, it does not imply a belief in multiple gods.

Foundation Of Faith

For Jewish and Christian traditions, the name Elohim is a fundamental element of their faith. The Holy Word illustrates the God to whom the people of Israel pray, make covenants, and seek guidance.

The Many Names Of God

While Elohim is important, it’s just one of the many names and titles used for God in the Bible:

  • Yahweh (YHWH). Often translated as “the LORD” in English, Yahweh is God’s personal and covenantal name. It signifies God’s self-existence and faithfulness.
  • Elohim. It signifies God’s power and might. It is the generic Hebrew word for God.
  • El Shaddai. It is often translated as “God Almighty,” emphasizing God’s might and sufficiency.
  • Adonai. Translated as “Lord” or “Master,” it conveys God’s authority and rulership.
  • Jehovah Jireh. The LORD will provide.” This name highlights God’s provision and care.
  • Jehovah Rapha. “The LORD who heals.” It emphasizes God’s healing and restorative nature.
  • Jehovah Nissi. “The LORD is my banner.” This name signifies God’s leadership and protection.
  • Jehovah Shalom. “The LORD is peace.” It conveys God’s role in bringing peace and wholeness.
  • Jehovah Tsidkenu. “The LORD, our righteousness.” This name highlights God’s role as the source of righteousness.
  • El Elyon. “God Most High.” It emphasizes God’s supreme sovereignty and authority over all.
  • El Olam. “The Everlasting God.” This name highlights the eternal nature of God.

What Does The Name Elohim Teach Us About God?

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.

— Genesis 1:1

The name “Elohim” teaches us several important aspects about God in the context of the Hebrew Bible:

1. God’s Creative Power: Elohim, often associated with God as the Creator of the universe, is prominently featured in the opening verses of the Bible. It reveals God as the Creator of all things done in six days. The name Elohim was not only to mean the source of all existence but also to show His wonderful ability to form things and give meaning to our world.

2. Majesty and Sovereignty: The plural form of Elohim is commonly understood to convey a sense of majesty and power. The sentence highlights the greatness and sovereignty of God by emphasizing the supreme authority of the one true God, despite its plural form not indicating a belief in multiple gods.

3. Transcendence: The quality that Elohim represents signifies God’s existence beyond the created realm. It emphasizes His holiness and separation from the worldly bounds of material existence.

4Monotheism: It holds great significance within the Israelites’ monotheistic faith. Their faith in one supreme and almighty God also strengthens their unflinching faith. This distinguishes their faith from the polytheistic beliefs held by ancient civilizations.

5. Impersonal and Personal Aspects: While Elohim primarily emphasizes God’s power and majesty, it doesn’t exclude the personal aspects of God.

The Bible illustrates God’s interaction with humanity through various means. This involves the establishment of covenants and the revelation of His will. Such interactions also demonstrate His compassion, highlighting a personal relationship with His creation.

 6. A Universal God: Elohim serves as a universal term that transcends any specific group or region. The narrative in question centers on highlighting the all-encompassing presence and immense influence wielded by the God of Israel. This serves to underscore his omnipresence and universal impact.

7. Biblical Consistency: The term Elohim is consistently used throughout the Hebrew Bible to depict and define God’s nature and attributes. This makes understanding the sacred text in continuity easier.

low angle of photo of church under gray sky and elohim in the bible


To fully understand the complex nature of God, one must delve into the concept of Elohim, a term that encapsulates both the omnipresence and authoritative power of the Holy Spirit. From the Shema’s proclamation of monotheism to the ethical guidance of the Ten Commandments, its resonance within key passages remains undeniable.

In our search for spiritual growth and in the unveiling of the mysteries of God, the name “Elohim” reverberates with enduring wisdom and an incessant presence. It proclaims how the ancient scriptures remain contemporary because they shape our faith even in the modern world today.

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