15 Interesting Facts About The Ephod In The Bible

Photo of author

Published by Shannon Jacobs



Last Updated:

Editorial Policy and Guidelines

Our content is expertly crafted and reviewed by theologians and scholars, ensuring accuracy and relevance by referencing reliable sources, primarily the Bible. Before publication and significant updates, we rigorously confirm the factual integrity, delivering well-informed articles grounded in biblical teachings

When the Son of God returned to heaven, He realized how much people were accustomed to having a physical connection with God and were in need of something else, so He promised them the Holy Spirit. Christ clearly informs the Apostles in John 14:15–21:25 that He is handing over his people’s welfare to the Holy Spirit.

The prophets of the Old Testament use the ephod, brimming with the Holy Spirit, to communicate with God.

When the people need to seek guidance from the divine, they will reach out to the prophets, who will then act on their behalf utilizing sacred objects like an ephod, which is widely considered a sacred garment and a vital detail of the high priest’s formal attire.

What Is An Ephod In The Bible?

God commanded his high priest servants not to wear normal clothing when they conducted religious services but to wear “holy garments[1]” created by individuals whom God had “filled with the spirit of wisdom” (Exodus 28:2–3).

The high priest wears a specific garment known as an ephod, which is made of fine twined linen embroidered with gold and blue, purple, and scarlet thread (Exodus 28:6).

Like the Urim and Thummim and the breastplate attached by two golden rings, the Levitical priesthood’s high priests and people saw the ephod not as ordinary but as a functional garment with holy value and a means of divination.

According to Exodus 29:29, the role of the high priest, as well as the ephod and every other holy garment, was handed down from Aaron to his son, then through the tribe of Levi.

As indicated in 1 Samuel 2:18, Samuel was wearing a white linen ephod while ministering before the Lord. Moreover, 1 Chronicles 15:27 also mentions that King David wears one as he carries “the Ark of the Testimony” in Jerusalem along with other people.

What Does The Ephod Represent In The Bible?

The ephod, one of the special priestly garments described in the Holy Bible, represents several religious elements. Initially, the high priest of Israel would wear this garment while entering God’s presence and performing numerous rites and ceremonies.

1. It Represents Our Dependence

The ephod serves as an affirmation of our reliance on God. We are powerless without him. We rely entirely on Him for all things. So the ephod encourages us to look for His presence and beg for His complete assistance. On top of that, the ephod also represented His sanctity and control over His people, along with their devotion to follow Him.

2. It Is A Significant Religious Sign

The ephod is an essential symbol in the Word of God with spiritual significance. It emphasizes the importance of obeying God’s commandments and His power over us. It also connects us to Jesus, the greatest high priest, who offered Himself as a sacrifice for our sins and selflessly gave the Holy Spirit in replacement of Him.

As John 16:13 taught us, “But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.”

3. It Reminds Us That We Are Called As His Chosen People

The ephod teaches us that we, as individuals, are set apart. People have been called to be devoted servants who have been set apart to serve His (God’s) purposes.

It was also supposed to act as a continual reminder of God’s precise demands and aspirations for the chosen ones, specifically the Israelites, whose obedience to Him permitted them to receive his blessings and holy presence.

As 1 Peter 2:9 tells us, “But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.”

priest in white robe lighting a candle

15 Interesting Facts About The Ephod

  1. The ephod first appeared in a historic era about 1350–1400. This period aligns with the time when the Israelites were believed to have been wandering in the wilderness after their exodus from Egypt.
  2. The word ephod originates from Hebrew and is referred to as “idol” in certain manuscripts. This translation adds a compelling layer of intricacy to its historical context.
  3. The ephod’s design was an extremely exquisite and detailed garment. It was known for its rich symbolism and ornate decoration, reflecting both the religious and cultural significance it held.
  4. The ephod was a finely twisted linen (embroidered with gold and colorful thread) that the high priest was to wear outside the robe. The priest was the chosen one to represent everyone before God.
  5. This garment served as a symbol of people’s solidarity. The breastplate’s twelve stones reflected the twelve clans of Israel. They all became unified under the leadership of a single high priest.
  6. The high priest wore this when he entered the Holy of Holies to pray to God on behalf of the people. The ephod acted as a sign of his position.
  7. Anyone who tried to put it on without God’s permission would be severely punished.
  8. The ephod additionally signified the high priest’s power over the people.
  9. The ephod also emphasized the significance of obeying God’s commands. The high priest must wear it as a sign of his obligation to fulfill all of God’s rules.
  10. The ephod represents God’s rule over the Aaronic priesthood.
  11. God chose the tribe of Levi to serve as His holy ministers. Aaron’s family was selected from the clan of Levi to be ordained as priests (Numbers 18:23).
  12. Aaron’s descendants were in charge of presenting sacrifices and maintaining the Holy Tabernacle in its best condition. The remaining Levites were entrusted with assisting the priests with their responsibilities (Numbers 18:1–7).
  13. The ephod is no longer worn nowadays. However, it remains a vital component of Jewish ritual and culture. It is frequently utilized in ceremonial clothing and sacred artwork.
  14. The ephod is an amazing reminder of the Jewish people’s history and their convictions.
  15. The ephod helps facilitate the conduct of prophetic readings. On several occasions, prophets and priests may acquire specific divine information and insight while wearing it.

What Was The Purpose Of The Ephod In The Bible?

We have learned that the ephod served as a ceremonial tool. It is a unique, elegant, handmade item of tremendous importance. The ephod took a lot of time and work to create and was made with great workmanship. It held a lot of spiritual symbols.

The onyx stones had been designed to serve as memorial stones. Exodus 28:12 tells us that the stones represent the 12 sons of the founding father Jacob in the Bible, also referred to as Israel, who were conceived through two different wives, Rachel and Leah, and two other concubines, Zilpah and Bilhah.

Apart from being a sacred object, the ephod signifies the people and their sins. God informs Moses that the sacred two stones on the ephod are actually “memorial stones for the sons of Israel” and adds that “Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord” in Exodus 28:12.

The ephod is an essential part of the holy practice that people must perform to speak with God, glorify Him, and repent for their transgressions.

These 12 sons became the heads of their respective family groupings, which comprised God’s people, Israel. This is the same group of people Moses guided out of Egypt into God’s Promised Land. However, as the Holy Bible informs us, people had wandered off the right path. So God educated the Israelites on how to live using Moses.

How Did God Speak Through The Ephod To His People?

Ancient religious leaders used particular tools, ornaments, and precious religious materials to receive God’s presence as well as specific messages and divine insights from Him. Here’s an overview of how God spoke through the ephod in early Hebrew practices:

  • Within the ephod’s breastplate were two special items known as the Urim and Thummim. The particular functions and forms of these items are not described in the Bible, but they were used for divination. When questions were asked, the Urim and Thummim came into play. God delivered answers using them. It is not specified how they conveyed God’s reply, although others believe it may have been with a sequence of “yes” or “no” replies or even through more complicated ones.
  • The sacred ephod’s breastplate included twelve valuable stones, each symbolizing one of Israel’s twelve tribes. The design was a continuous reminder that, when present before God, the high priest held the obligation of the entire Israelites. While the objects were not direct communication tools, they highlighted the bond between the Lord, the high priest, and his people.
  • Prophets and priests may receive divine knowledge while wearing the sacred ephod on rare occasions. The ephod helps facilitate this type of communication.

It is critical to recognize that the ephod was not the only tool for seeking divine direction, where God spoke with His people. Throughout the Holy Bible, prophets, visions, personal engagement, and other approaches were also employed.

The ephod, featuring the Urim and Thummim, served as one of the more methodical and physical means, particularly for choices affecting the whole Israelite nation.

Is The Ephod Relevant To Christianity Today?

In the past, the ephod was also a vital element of God’s people’s devotion and worship. It was utilized to draw Him nearer to His people through various ceremonies and rites.

However, we don’t have to continue using ephods today because God will eventually speak with us via His Son. And our communication with the Lord would be renewed through the person and ministry of Jesus Christ.

Nonetheless, the ephod’s symbolism is still significant for Christians today. For sacred ceremonies, some believe that the utilization of a similar vestment in several Christian churches that is called a “chasuble or surplice” resembles an ephod.

Do We Still Need An Ephod To Talk To God Today?

We don’t need the ephod to communicate with God now. The ephod is something from the past. As previously said, we have entered a new period of communicating with God. All individuals now have direct access to God. As Jesus Christ said in John 14:6, “I am the way, the truth, and the life.”

An ephod foreshadows the deeper communication that Christ will bring. Jesus is now a firm door that guides us into God’s throne chamber. Because of Jesus’ final work, we have an encounter with the Father. Because of Jesus, we no longer require an ephod. God speaks to us using Jesus, even today.

Christ’s arrival was a transformative moment, obliterating the barriers that once hindered our path to heaven. Even in His absence, He ensured our connection to the divine by gifting us the Holy Spirit.

priest handing out communion to a woman


Although the actual ephod has disappeared in modern Christianity, its value has not. This insight should instill in us great gratitude for the opportunity we have to communicate with God as a result of the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.

During the early days, the ephod represented the high priest’s power. But now, we have someone with far greater power. Jesus became our high priest, who stands wholeheartedly in our place before God.

We no longer need to spend time looking for a sacred ephod before we may communicate with God since Jesus completed his role. In our everyday lives, we can seek His wisdom whenever we wish, since He dwells within us.

Leave a Comment